Vasectomy is one of the safest and most effective methods of permanent birth control. It is much safer and less expensive than tubal ligation. For these reasons, every year more than 500,000 men in North American choose vasectomy.

A vasectomy interrupts the tubes that carry sperm from the testes to where they are added to your semen. The penis and testes are not altered. Your body still produces semen, and erections and ejaculations occur normally. The only different is that your semen will no longer contain sperm.

You will need to continue birth control. Sperm can remain in the vas deferens for weeks or even months after vasectomy. You will not be considered sterile until two post-surgical semen tests have shown that no sperm remain.

Before scheduling a vasectomy, a consultation is done where the procedure will be explained and you will read and sign a consent form that states you are aware of the possible risks and complications and understand that the procedure, though usually successful, is not guaranteed to make you sterile. Prior to signing this form, be sure that you are informed and comfortable with your decision. It is important that you fully discuss and resolve any questions or concerns you may have prior to having the procedure done.

During a traditional vasectomy, the patient will be given an injection of a local anesthetic. Once the anesthetic takes effect, one or two small incisions are made in the skin of the scrotum. Each of the vas deferens is lifted through the incision and cut and a small section if removed. The two cut ends are tied or cauterized. The incision may be closed with one or more stitches.

If you choose the No-Needle, No-Scalpel vasectomy, the doctor uses a high-pressure jet injector which sprays anesthesia through and around the skin. The physician will carefully isolate the vas deferens with his fingers and use a specially designed instrument to make a tiny opening in the skin. The vas deferens are delivered through the skin, cut and sealed to block sperm. No stitches are needed to close the opening which heals quickly.

A vasectomy does not affect your hormonal and sexual functions or alter your penis or testes. Your body will still produce semen and erections and ejaculations will occur normally.